4 Stages of Acne and its Treatment
Even adults can experience the occasional breakout and no matter what age you are, acne can be very distressing. But did you know that there are actually 4 different types of acne?Types of Acne
Grade 1: The mildest form of acne with only small, occasional breakouts and a few blackheads on the nose.
Grade 2: In addition to blackheads, this moderate form of acne also has pimples and whiteheads filled with fluid.
Grade 3: There is an increase in inflammation with pimples and pustules across the entire face that can leave scarring. The infection is much deeper in the skin.
Grade 4: Also called cystic acne, these blemishes are large, painful, and firm to the touch. Boils, blisters, and pus filled cysts are common and usually leave behind scarring and skin damage.Causes of Acne
Your skin has tiny holes across it called pores that have hair follicles and oil glands inside them. If your pores become clogged with dead skin cells, oil, or bacteria, acne is formed.
When you go through hormonal changes, like those experienced during puberty, pregnancy, or menopause, these oil glands can go into overdrive, making acne more likely to appear.Prevent Breakouts
While every breakout isn’t preventable, there are many ways to help keep your skin clear. The first line of defence is having a skin care routine that keeps your face clean and hydrated. Additionally, you should:
- Drink plenty of water
- Eat a balanced diet
- Frequently change your pillowcases
- Avoid overwashing your face
- Reduce stress
- Only use non-comedogenic skincare products
- Fully remove any makeup each night
If you do get a breakout, you can use topical medications, usually a cream or gel, that is spread over the affected area. There are also daily antibiotics you can take to prevent breakouts or reduce their severity.