Genitourinary

Genitourinary

What is Genito-urinary tract?

"Genito-urinary" is a word that refers to the urinary and genital organs. Urology is the branch of medicine that deals with the urinary tract in both sexes and the genital tract of the male reproductive system. Nephrology is the branch of medicine that studies the kidney.

The urinary tract includes the organ system primarily responsible for cleaning and filtering excess fluids and waste materials from the blood. The urinary system consists of the following:

  • Kidneys
  • Ureters
  • Bladder
  • Urethra

The kidneys also function as glands that produce hormones necessary for the production of red blood cells and regulation of blood pressure.

What are the causes of urinary system problems?

In children, urinary tract problems can include acute and chronic kidney failure, urinary tract infections and obstructions, and birth defects.

The diseases usually produce temporary or permanent changes in the functional structures and small vessels located within the kidney. Frequent urinary tract infections can cause scarring of these structures, leading to kidney failure. Diseases that cause kidney damage include the following:

  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Hydronephrosis
  • Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract problems are often related to a blockage that prevents the bladder from emptying completely and often leads to urinary reflux. A urinary tract obstruction can cause damage to the urinary tract and kidneys because urine backs up and collects in various parts of the tract. Accumulation of urine in the bladder, ureters, or kidneys can lead to infection, scarring, and long-term kidney failure. Some of the disorders that can cause urinary tract obstruction are:

  • Megaureter
  • Posterior valves of the urethra
  • Ureterocele or ureteral duplication
  • Reflux vesicoureteral
  • Neurogenic bladder

Some urinary tract disorders only affect men and are largely related to male anatomy and fetal development. Disorders that affect men involve the penis, urethra, or testicles. Male urogenital disorders include the following:

  • Undescended testicles or cryptorchidism
  • Hydrocele
  • Hypospadias
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Micropenis
  • Testicular torsion

Genitourinary disorders in children are usually detected by fetal ultrasound before birth. If not detected in this way, children often develop a urinary tract infection that will prompt your child's doctor to perform special diagnostic tests that could detect an abnormality. Some kidney diseases appear later or after a child has a bacterial infection or an immune disorder.

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  1. Picture of Alfuzosin Tablets by Genitourinary

    Xatral (Alfuzosin) is an orally active quinazoline derivative. It is a selective antagonist of po...

  2. Picture of Vesomi Tablets by Genitourinary

    Vesomni tablets are used to treat urinary problems in males. Vesomni tablets contain two active i...

  3. Picture of Finasteride GU (Generic) for Genitourinary

    Proscar is a treatment for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH. It contains an active ingredient ...

  4. Picture of Tamsulosin Capsules for Genitourinary disease

    Flomax is a medicine that is used to treat urinary problems. It contains the active ingredient ta...

  5. Combodart

    Combodart is used in men to treat an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) - a non-can...

  6. Picture of Dutasteride Capsules for Genitourinary disease

    Avodart contains dutasteride, medicine from the group of antiandrogens: medicines that reduce the...

  7. Picture of Solifenacin 5mg Tablets

    Vesicare is a medicine that regulates the activity of a bladder that is too active. The tablets a...

  8. Picture of Toviaz 4mg Fesoterodine Tablets

    Toviaz contains an active substance called fesoterodine fumarate and is a treatment for so-called...

  9. Picture of Lyrinel XL 10mg Oxybutynin Tablets

    Lyrinel XL contains a medicine called Oxybutynin which relaxes the muscles of the bladder, causin...

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