What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus more commonly known as diabetes is a disease in which the body is unable to maintain a healthy levels of glucose in the blood. There are millions of cells in our body that require energy in the form of glucose. Whatever you eat or drink is eventually converted into glucose to provide energy for the cells. Insulin is a hormone that helps the cells absorb and process glucose. High levels of sugar in the bloodstream triggers the release of insulin, which helps the cells in take glucose and the blood sugar level is maintained.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is a metabolic disease which prevents the body to convert food in to energy normally. There are two types of Diabetes mellitus.
Type 1 Diabetes
It is also called juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. It usually happens when the immune system attacks the healthy beta cells of the pancreas mistaking them for foreign invaders. The destroyed beta cells produce little to no insulin. Type 1 diabetes can also be caused by some viruses. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in childhood or adolescence. It only occurs in adulthood in rare cases.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is insulin independent and is also known as adult onset diabetes. It develops when the body cells stop responding to insulin. This condition is also called insulin resistance. The pancreas produces the normal amounts of insulin but the body cells are unable to use it properly. It is stills unknown why some people become insulin resistant but various lifestyle factor may contribute to its development like excessive intake of sugary foods and drinks, obesity and lack of exercise.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have almost similar symptoms. The only difference is that symptoms of type 1 diabetes develop fast, usually in a few weeks. Whereas symptoms of type 2 diabetes present very differently, most people don’t show any symptoms for several years. The symptoms develop slowly as the disease progresses.
In some cases, people don’t show any symptoms and their condition remains undiagnosed until complications develop.
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