These are pills used for controlling birth commonly referred to as ‘the pill’ which contains hormones that change the functioning of the body. The pills are a type of female contraception and are quite effective in preventing pregnancy. The two hormones found in the pills are a man-made form of progestin and oestrogen which occur naturally in a woman’s body. These hormones stops ovulation from taking place thus no egg is released during a woman’s menstrual cycle. Progestin as well makes the mucus found around the cervix to be thick and sticky thus preventing sperms from gaining entrance to the uterus.
The oral contraceptives tablets are effective if they are taken as they are supposed to that is; one pill per day and at a similar time every day.
The two common types of pills
There are two common types of the pills known as the combination oral contraceptives, these pills contain progesterone as well as oestrogen and the other type has the progestin hormone only and it is known as the mini-pill or progestin-only pill.
These pills mostly come in packs of 21 days or 28 days and you should ensure to take a pill each day. For the mini pills, they come in 4 week packs and you are supposed to take the pill within the same three hours on a daily basis so as to prevent pregnancy. This is to mean that if supposedly you take the pill at 10 o’clock, you should at least take the pill within 10-12pm the next dayso as to be on the safer side.
Side effects of contraceptives
The contraceptive pills have a number of side effects which include spotting, nausea, migraines, weight gain, missing periods, breast tenderness and others. Thus you should seek medical advice before taking the pills as some individuals are at higher risk of getting these effects especially those suffering from clotting disorders and high blood pressure.
For those women who want to avoid the side effects of oestrogen, you can buy Loestrin online UK which is an oral contraceptive tablet with low levels of oestrogen.
You should know that contraceptive pills are effective in preventing pregnancy but they do not protect against sexual transmitted diseases.