Types of acne problems and how they affect the skin

Acne is foe common to all; it stems from pores clogged by excess oil and dead skin cells and is known to cause scars and pimples. This not only leads to low self-esteem and self-confidence but other mental health issues such as severe emotional distress.

What are the causes of Acne?
While acne may be common to a large proportion of the population, there may be different factors and causes.

Hormones known as Androgens are activated during puberty and lead to the enlargement of the sebaceous glands, leading to increased sebum production. Hormonal changes throughout life may also cause breakouts.

Other factors:
Various foods specifically those rich in carbohydrates may cause acne, such as chips, fried food and bread.

Stress, anxiety, and poor sleep quality may also lead to acne.  In some cases, acne may even be genetic or may result from an irregular menstrual cycle or humidity.

Types of acne

  • Whiteheads are rather small and remain under the skin’s surface and are essentially clogged closed pores.

  • Blackheads which are open clogged pores and have a black visible appearance on the surface of the skin.

  • Papules, which are small tender bumps that are pink or red, may be visible on the skin.
  • Pustules are also known as pimples and are clearly visible on the skin; they are essentially papules with pus at the tips.
  • Nodules are also visible on the skin surface and are not only painful but also large and solid.

  • Cysts are not only painful and filled with pus but also cause scars.

What is the treatment for Acne?
Various factors help determine an appropriate and effective acne treatment for the example skin type, skin problem etc.

Treatment may be in the form of home remedies or medicinal. Some common acne treatments include Rozex Gel and cream, which is available online exclusively in the UK. The cream and gel include metronidazole, an antibiotic to fight off a skin condition called acne rosacea which causes inflammation and redness.

Other medications prescribed for acne include Lymecycline, an antibacterial and Skinoren prescribed to treat rosacea, acne scars, inflammation, and redness. However, it is essential to consult a dermatologist and familiarize yourself with the type of acne and its treatment and the side effects.